Tuesday, October 22, 2019
Mawsuat Sahid Awal is a collection of works and written materials of Mohammad Ibn Maki Ameli, known as Shahid Awal (d. 786 AH) that  has been compiled in Arabic by a group of researchers at Islamic Sciences and Culture Academy, under the supervision of Ali Awsat Nateqi. The entry of this book has been prepared by Reza Mokhtari.

The Structure 
According to the entry of the book, this series has been compiled in 21 volumes, 19 of which are dedicated to the works of Shahid Awal and in volume 0, under the title of entry authored by Reza Mokhtari, biography and works of Shahid Awal and, in the 20th volume, table of contents are available. At the beginning of some of the volumes, there is a useful introduction written by Ali Awsat Nateqi which provides explanation about the materials of that volume and, the method of the researchers' studies and correction.

The Content
The entry of the book has been compiled by Reza Mokhtari in three chapters and one attached section. In the first chapter, life of Shahid Awal, and his scientific place as well as some of his professors and scholars have been examined in narration. The second chapter refers to his historical status, conduct, and martyrdom. In the third chapter, his treatises, books, permissions, poems and in a nutshell his works have been investigated. The attached section provides two treatises under the title of Nasim al-Sahar and treatise of Ibn Taymiyyah ila al-Soltan. The final chapter includes the references.
 Each of the Shahid Awal's works has been presented with regard to its number of volumes and quantities, in one or several volumes of this mawsuat in the following order:
Volumes 1 to 4: Qayah al-Murad fi Sharh Nokat al-Irshad: It explains Allameh Helli's book " Irshad al-Azhan" and includes the book" purity to faith". The author of Qisas al-Ulama has considered it the first book of Shahid Awal that has been finished in 757 AH.
Volumes 5 to 8: Zekri al-Shia fi Ahkam al-Shariah: Shahid Awal started writing this book in 784 AH. An accurate examination in his style suggests that Shahid (Awal) had intended to write a thick mawsuat in Islamic jurisprudence that contains all or most of the general and specific documentations on all issues, although this book only contains one type of worship and that is the book "al-Salat" which also includes some chapters related to purity, and Shahid Awal couldn't have completed it along with the rest of the chapters about worships, transactions, and policies.
Volumes 9 to 11: Al-Dorus al-Shareieh fi Fiqh al-Imamiyyah: These volumes include most of the chapters of fiqh i.e. until Kitab Rahn. The former compiler had been martyred before completing it. Shahid started the compilation in 780 AH and finished it on Rabi' al-awwal 12th, 784 AH. The aforementioned book has various explanations including Mashariq al-Shomus, Orvat al-Vosqa, and explanation of Saheb Riaz's father.
Volume 12: al-Bayan: It includes the books "Taharat (purity), Salat (praying), Khoms and a part of Sowm (fasting).
Volume 13: Al-Lom'ah al-Dameshqiyah fi Fiqh al-Imamiyya is Shahid's enduring and famous work. This book contains all chapters of jurisprudence in brief and it is out of argument in some rare cases. Shahid has compiled Lom'ah four years before his martyrdom, which indicates superiority of the researcher despite its brevity in terms of arrangement and classification. There have been many explanations for Lom'ah, which the most famous one is the explanation of Shahid Sani known as "al-Rawzah al-Bahiyah". 
Volume 15: Al-Qava'ed and al-Fava'ed: Writing rules in Shia has been started and developed since authoring this work.  This book contains principles of jurisprudence, Usul and literature. Most of the principles are related to jurisprudence that includes most of the religious problems. Therefore, Shahid considers it as a jurisprudential book. The book comprises about 302 principles, 100 benefits, punishments, and various chapters. 
Volumes 16 and 17: Jame' al-Bain min Fava'ed al-Shahrain: This series includes the explanations of Amidodin and Ziaodin which has been written based on the book " Tahzib al-Usul", Allameh Helli (d. 726 AH). Shahid added more issues to the book. The author of the book "Amal al-Amel" has seen this book with the handwriting of Shahid Sani.
Volume 18: Al-resa'el al-Kalamiyah va al-Fiqhiyah

a) Some of the theological treatises
Al-Maqalah al-Taklifiyah: It includes the issues of taklif (religious duty) in theology. The author of Riaz has seen its manuscripts in Ardabil and Ray. In terms of content, this treatise is similar to some works such as al-Yawm va al-Laylah and later Jamal al-Ilm va al-Amal, and in a nutshell, this work has referred to a series of Shia jurisprudence and beliefs. 
Al-Arba'eeniyah fi al-Mas'el al-Kalamiyah: In this treatise, Shahid has referred to forty key topics in issues of theology and beliefs in a brief and documented way that no theologians have ever adopted such method.

b) Some of the jurisprudential treatises 
Ahkam al-Amwat: It includes the jurisprudential rulings about dead people from their last will to their visit.
Al-Alfiyah: It includes 1000 obligatory activities in saying prayer that has been compiled in 748 AH. According to author of Qisas al-Ulama quoted from Shahid's Fatwas in the aforementioned book, anointment of feet is obligatory until ankle. Alfiyah has almost 50 explanations and annotations.
Al-Nafliyah: It is one of jurisprudential treatises and it contains 3000 actions of Mustahabb in prayer that has various explanations including Fowad compiled by Shahid Thani.

Al-Masa'el al-Fiqhiyah or Masa'el Ibn Maki: The jurisprudential books has been written and compiled in order. Some consider it as the last book compiled by Shahid.

The date of compilation is 786 AH which is the compiler's martyrdom anniversary.
Volume 19: Al-Mazar and other treatises: In this volume, in addition to the book "al-Mazar", other treatises of Shahid have been categorized and presented in four sections of hadith, ethics, permissions, and poems. For example, in the section of hadith, forty hadiths and in the section of ethics, there are his three last wills.
Al-Mazar: Mazar is a general term referred to all customs, traditions, practices, and worships and pilgrimages that the pilgrim is advised to perform in order to get closer to God during the visit of the prophets and the Imams. In this regard, Shiite scholars have written separate books and treatises, including Shahid's book, Al-Mazar.
Al-Arba'un Hadatha: It contains forty hadiths about worships and their components and has been published separately along with the book "Al-Ghaybah" by Nu'mani as an attachment. Part of this volume is devoted to the permission of Ibn Najdah, Ibn Khazan and a group of scholars. For example, on the twelfth of Ramadan 784 AH, Shahid gave the permission of narration to Ibn Khazan, his student. In this permission, Shahid has referred to the list of some of his own compilations and some of his ways in narration specifically and generally.

Condition of the Book
Each of the volumes of the book has the table of contents at the beginning. The footnotes of the pages include the address of verses and hadiths and explanation of the terms, phrases, and references.
 
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