Research Center for Political Thought and Sciences

Scientific session: Egypt and Saudi Arabia foreign policy and recent developments in the Middle East

The scientific session hold on 2016/10/23 (Sunday), 8 am to 10 at Islamic Sciences and Culture Academy’s conference hall. The session included speech by Doctor Essam Abdel shafy, Director of the Institute of Political Research and Egypt Strategy.

Doctor Essam Abdel shafy During the meeting, outlined the three stages of relations between Egypt and Saudi Arabia.
The first stage begins from 1952 with rise of Gamal Abdel Nasser, which is the period of conflict and challenge between the two countries.
The second stage (1970: Anwar El Sadat era) is along the same stage of Abdel Nasser. The Camp David Accords agreement between the two countries aggravated the crisis. (The Camp David Accords were signed by Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on 17 September 1978, that led in the following year to a peace treaty between those two countries, the first such treaty between Israel and any of its Arab neighbors)
With the arrival of President Hosni Mubarak in 1980, bilateral relations improved and reached to a perfect harmony. So that in the last ten years of Mubarak's rule Saudi Arabia became the main affecting factor on Egypt foreign policy. This close relationship led to Saudi Arabia's strongly confrontation with the Egyptian revolution of 2011 that ended Mubarak's rule.
The third stage of the relationship, begins after the fall of Mubarak.  At the beginning of the interim administration, Saudi Arabia continued its assistance to Egypt had a good relationship with interim government.
With the victory of the Society of the Muslim Brothers in 2012 (Arabic: Jami'ah al-Ikhwān al-Muslimūn) conditions changed. Saudi Arabia activated The Salafi movement (who was not involved in politics) against Muslim Brothers, because felt threatened and started to provoke crises for Muslim Brothers' government.
Despite the broad convergence between Saudi Arabia and Egypt in this period, but divergences are available also, which the most important of them is Yemen and Syria issue.

The session was hold with effort of Research Center for Political Thought and Sciences with Research and Scientific Cooperation Office.

For pictorial report click here


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